Mechanisms of Iodide–Triiodide Exchange Reactions in Ionic Liquids: A Reactive Molecular-Dynamics Exploration

Aaron Byrne, Eduardo Bringa, Mario G. Del Pópolo, Jorge Kohanoff, vanesa Galassi, Niall J English

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Abstract

Efficient charge transport has been observed in iodine-doped, iodide-based room-temperature ionic liquids, yielding high ionic conductivity. To elucidate preferred mechanistic pathways for the iodide ( I− )-to-triiodide ( I−3 ) exchange reactions, we have performed 10 ns reactive molecular-dynamics calculations in the liquid state for 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium iodide ([BMIM][I]) at 450 to 750 K. Energy-barrier distributions for the iodine-swapping process were determined as a function of temperature, employing a charge-reassignment scheme drawn in part from electronic-structure calculations. Bond-exchange events were observed with rate-determining energy barriers ranging from ~0.19 to 0.23 ± 0.06 eV at 750 and 450 K, respectively, with an approximately Arrhenius temperature dependence for iodine self-diffusivity and reaction kinetics, although diffusion dominates/limits the bond-exchange events. This charge transfer is not dissimilar in energetics to those in solid-state superionic conductors
Original languageEnglish
Article number1123
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 05 Mar 2019

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