Membrane technology for energy saving: principles, techniques, applications, challenges, and prospects

Ahmed I. Osman*, Zhonghao Chen, Ahmed M. Elgarahy, Mohamed Farghali, Israa M. A. Mohamed, A.K. Priya, Hamada B. Hawash, Pow-Seng Yap*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
48 Downloads (Pure)


Membrane technology emerges as a transformative solution for global challenges, excelling in water treatment, gas purification, and waste recycling. This comprehensive review navigates the principles, advantages, challenges, and prospects of membrane technology, emphasizing its pivotal role in addressing contemporary environmental and sustainability issues. The goal is to contribute to environmental objectives by exploring the principles, mechanisms, advantages, and limitations of membrane technology. Noteworthy features include energy efficiency, selectivity, and minimal environmental footprint, distinguishing it from conventional methods. Advances in nanomembranes, organic porous membranes, and metal-organic frameworks-based membranes highlight their potential for energy-efficient contaminant removal. The review underscores the integration of renewable energy sources for eco-friendly desalination and separation processes. The future trajectory unfolds with next-gen nanocomposite membranes, sustainable polymers, and optimized energy consumption through electrochemical and hybrid approaches. In healthcare, membrane technology reshapes gas exchange, hemodialysis, biosensors, wound healing, and drug delivery, while in chemical industries, it streamlines organic solvent separation. Challenges like fouling, material stability, and energy efficiency are acknowledged, with the integration of artificial intelligence recognized as a progressing frontier. Despite limitations, membrane technology holds promise for sustainability and revolutionizing diverse industries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2400011
Number of pages29
JournalAdvanced Energy & Sustainability Research
Early online date19 Feb 2024
Publication statusEarly online date - 19 Feb 2024


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