Metabolic stability, receptor binding, cAMP generation, insulin secretion and antihyperglycaemic activity of novel N-terminal Glu(9)-substituted analogues of glucagon-like peptide-1

Brian Green, Nicola Gault, Neil Irwin, Mark Mooney, Joe Bailey, Patrick Harriott, Brett Greer, P.R. Flatt, F.P.M. OHarte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Glucagonlike peptide-1(7 36)amide (GLP-1) is an incretin hormone with therapeutic potential for type 2 diabetes. Rapid removal of the Nterminal dipeptide, His7-Ala8, by the ubiquitous enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) curtails the biological activity of GLP-1. Chemical modifications or substitutions of GLP-1 at His7 or Ala8 improve resistance to DPPIV action, but this often reduces potency. Little attention has focused on the metabolic stability and functional activity of GLP-1 analogues with amino acid substitution at Glu9, adjacent to the DPP IV cleavage site. We generated three novel Glu9-substituted GLP-1 analogues, (Pro9)GLP-1, (Phe9)GLP-1 and (Tyr9)GLP-1 and show for the first time that Glu9 of GLP-1 is important in DPP IV degradation, since replacing this amino acid, particularly with proline, substantially reduced susceptibility to degradation. All three novel GLP-1 analogues showed similar or slightly enhanced insulinotropic activity compared with native GLP-1 despite a moderate 4 10-fold reduction in receptor binding and cAMP generation. In addition, (Pro9)GLP 1 showed significant ability to moderate the plasma glucose excursion and increase circulating insulin concentrations in severely insulin resistant obese diabetic (ob/ob) mice. These observations indicate the importance of Glu9 for the biological activity of GLP-1 and susceptibility to DPP IVmediated degradation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1543-1551
Number of pages9
JournalBiological Chemistry
Volume384
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Fingerprint

Cyclic AMP Receptors
Glucagon-Like Peptide 1
Hypoglycemic Agents
Insulin
Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4
Bioactivity
Degradation
Substitution reactions
Incretins
Amino Acids
Dipeptides
Chemical modification
Amino Acid Substitution
Medical problems
Amides
Proline

Cite this

@article{f507d09f75eb40598cc899e390d46b32,
title = "Metabolic stability, receptor binding, cAMP generation, insulin secretion and antihyperglycaemic activity of novel N-terminal Glu(9)-substituted analogues of glucagon-like peptide-1",
abstract = "Glucagonlike peptide-1(7 36)amide (GLP-1) is an incretin hormone with therapeutic potential for type 2 diabetes. Rapid removal of the Nterminal dipeptide, His7-Ala8, by the ubiquitous enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) curtails the biological activity of GLP-1. Chemical modifications or substitutions of GLP-1 at His7 or Ala8 improve resistance to DPPIV action, but this often reduces potency. Little attention has focused on the metabolic stability and functional activity of GLP-1 analogues with amino acid substitution at Glu9, adjacent to the DPP IV cleavage site. We generated three novel Glu9-substituted GLP-1 analogues, (Pro9)GLP-1, (Phe9)GLP-1 and (Tyr9)GLP-1 and show for the first time that Glu9 of GLP-1 is important in DPP IV degradation, since replacing this amino acid, particularly with proline, substantially reduced susceptibility to degradation. All three novel GLP-1 analogues showed similar or slightly enhanced insulinotropic activity compared with native GLP-1 despite a moderate 4 10-fold reduction in receptor binding and cAMP generation. In addition, (Pro9)GLP 1 showed significant ability to moderate the plasma glucose excursion and increase circulating insulin concentrations in severely insulin resistant obese diabetic (ob/ob) mice. These observations indicate the importance of Glu9 for the biological activity of GLP-1 and susceptibility to DPP IVmediated degradation.",
author = "Brian Green and Nicola Gault and Neil Irwin and Mark Mooney and Joe Bailey and Patrick Harriott and Brett Greer and P.R. Flatt and F.P.M. OHarte",
year = "2003",
language = "English",
volume = "384",
pages = "1543--1551",
journal = "Biological Chemistry",
issn = "1431-6730",
publisher = "Walter de Gruyter GmbH",

}

Metabolic stability, receptor binding, cAMP generation, insulin secretion and antihyperglycaemic activity of novel N-terminal Glu(9)-substituted analogues of glucagon-like peptide-1. / Green, Brian; Gault, Nicola; Irwin, Neil; Mooney, Mark; Bailey, Joe; Harriott, Patrick; Greer, Brett; Flatt, P.R.; OHarte, F.P.M.

In: Biological Chemistry, Vol. 384, 2003, p. 1543-1551.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Metabolic stability, receptor binding, cAMP generation, insulin secretion and antihyperglycaemic activity of novel N-terminal Glu(9)-substituted analogues of glucagon-like peptide-1

AU - Green, Brian

AU - Gault, Nicola

AU - Irwin, Neil

AU - Mooney, Mark

AU - Bailey, Joe

AU - Harriott, Patrick

AU - Greer, Brett

AU - Flatt, P.R.

AU - OHarte, F.P.M.

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - Glucagonlike peptide-1(7 36)amide (GLP-1) is an incretin hormone with therapeutic potential for type 2 diabetes. Rapid removal of the Nterminal dipeptide, His7-Ala8, by the ubiquitous enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) curtails the biological activity of GLP-1. Chemical modifications or substitutions of GLP-1 at His7 or Ala8 improve resistance to DPPIV action, but this often reduces potency. Little attention has focused on the metabolic stability and functional activity of GLP-1 analogues with amino acid substitution at Glu9, adjacent to the DPP IV cleavage site. We generated three novel Glu9-substituted GLP-1 analogues, (Pro9)GLP-1, (Phe9)GLP-1 and (Tyr9)GLP-1 and show for the first time that Glu9 of GLP-1 is important in DPP IV degradation, since replacing this amino acid, particularly with proline, substantially reduced susceptibility to degradation. All three novel GLP-1 analogues showed similar or slightly enhanced insulinotropic activity compared with native GLP-1 despite a moderate 4 10-fold reduction in receptor binding and cAMP generation. In addition, (Pro9)GLP 1 showed significant ability to moderate the plasma glucose excursion and increase circulating insulin concentrations in severely insulin resistant obese diabetic (ob/ob) mice. These observations indicate the importance of Glu9 for the biological activity of GLP-1 and susceptibility to DPP IVmediated degradation.

AB - Glucagonlike peptide-1(7 36)amide (GLP-1) is an incretin hormone with therapeutic potential for type 2 diabetes. Rapid removal of the Nterminal dipeptide, His7-Ala8, by the ubiquitous enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) curtails the biological activity of GLP-1. Chemical modifications or substitutions of GLP-1 at His7 or Ala8 improve resistance to DPPIV action, but this often reduces potency. Little attention has focused on the metabolic stability and functional activity of GLP-1 analogues with amino acid substitution at Glu9, adjacent to the DPP IV cleavage site. We generated three novel Glu9-substituted GLP-1 analogues, (Pro9)GLP-1, (Phe9)GLP-1 and (Tyr9)GLP-1 and show for the first time that Glu9 of GLP-1 is important in DPP IV degradation, since replacing this amino acid, particularly with proline, substantially reduced susceptibility to degradation. All three novel GLP-1 analogues showed similar or slightly enhanced insulinotropic activity compared with native GLP-1 despite a moderate 4 10-fold reduction in receptor binding and cAMP generation. In addition, (Pro9)GLP 1 showed significant ability to moderate the plasma glucose excursion and increase circulating insulin concentrations in severely insulin resistant obese diabetic (ob/ob) mice. These observations indicate the importance of Glu9 for the biological activity of GLP-1 and susceptibility to DPP IVmediated degradation.

M3 - Article

VL - 384

SP - 1543

EP - 1551

JO - Biological Chemistry

JF - Biological Chemistry

SN - 1431-6730

ER -