Metamaterial-based LTCC compressed luneburg lens antenna at 60 GHz for wireless communications

Dmitry Zelenchuk, Vitalii Kirillov, Camilla Karnfelt, François Gallée, Irina Munina

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In this study, a metamaterial-based LTCC compressed Luneburg lens was designed, manufactured and measured. The lens was designed at 60 GHz to utilize the unlicensed mm-wave spectrum available for short-range high-capacity wireless communication networks. The transformation optics method was applied to ensure the compression of the Luneburg lens antenna and thus maintain a low-profile structure. The two different types of unit cells for low and high permittivity regions were considered. The parametric study of the effect of compression on lens performance was presented. The antenna is implemented with a standard high-permittivity LTCC process, and details of the manufacturing process for the metamaterial lens are discussed. The low-profile lens is thinner than 2 mm and measures 19 mm in diameter. A size reduction of 63.6% in comparison with a spherical lens was achieved. The near-field to far-field mm-wave measurement technique is presented, and the measurement results show a peak antenna gain of 16 dBi at 60 GHz and a beam-scanning capacity with 1 dB scan loss within a 50° field of view.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2354
Issue number11
Early online date23 May 2023
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jun 2023


  • antenna
  • lens
  • mm-wave
  • metamaterial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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