Metamaterial iris-based cavity antenna for mm-wave computational polarimetric imaging

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Abstract

The performance of a scalar computational imaging system is inherently influenced by the target's geometrical features. Nevertheless, leveraging the polarimetric information enables robust target image reconstruction, which can overcome the limitations imposed by varying geometrical features. In this paper, a metamaterial iris-based cavity antenna (MCA) that can generate dual-polarized spatially-random illuminating patterns from 75 to 110 GHz is proposed. The developed MCA is composed of a square cavity with irregular boundaries and a lid etched with sparsely distributed elliptical metamaterial irises. The generated patterns exhibit dual-polarized characteristics and maintain low correlations across varying frequencies, making them suitable to be used as measurement modes in a computational polarimetric imaging (CPI) system. The performance of the designed MCA is evaluated through full-wave simulations and measurements. Finally, a prototype of the MCA is fabricated and experimentally validated within the frequency band of 75-110 GHz.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters
Early online date05 Mar 2024
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 05 Mar 2024

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