Micro-scale wear characteristics of electroless Ni-P/SiC composite coating under two different sliding conditions

M. Franco, W. Sha, S. Malinov, H. Liu

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Abstract

The electroless nickel composite (ENC) with various silicon carbide contents was deposited onto aluminium alloy (LM24) substrate. The wear behaviour and the microhardness of the composite coating samples were investigated and compared with particles free and aluminium substrate samples using micro-scale abrasion tester and microhardness tester respectively. The wear scar marks and wear volume were analysed by optical microscope. The wear tracks were further studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The embedded particles were found to get pressed into the matrix which helps resisting further wearing process for composite samples. However, random orientation of microcuts and microfallow were seen for ENC sample but more uniform wearing was observed for EN sample. The composite coating with low content of SiC was worn minimum. Early penetration into the substrate was seen for samples with higher SiC content. Microhardness was improved after heat treatment for all the samples containing various SiC content. Under dry sliding condition, inclusion of particles in the matrix did not improve the wearing resistance performance in as-deposited state. The wearing worsened as the content of the particles increased generally. However, on heat treatment, the composite coatings exhibited improved wear resistance and the best result was obtained from the one with low particle contents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)254–264
Number of pages11
JournalWear
Volume317
Issue number1-2
Early online date17 Jun 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2014

Keywords

  • Micro-scale abrasion
  • Metal–matrix composite
  • Wear testing
  • Electron microscopy
  • Hardness
  • Optical microscopy

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