Micromechanical modelling of the longitudinal compressive and tensile failure of unidirectional composites: The effect of fibre misalignment introduced via a stochastic process

L. F. Varandas, G. Catalanotti*, A. R. Melro, R. P. Tavares, B. G. Falzon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Initial fibre misalignment is recognised to be one of the precursors leading to longitudinal compressive failure in fibre-reinforced composites. Thus, to properly model their mechanical behaviour, an accurate spatial representation of the fibrous reinforcements must be assured. This work presents a three-dimensional micromechanical framework that is capable of analysing in detail the longitudinal tensile and compressive failure mechanisms which are inherent in unidirectional composites. This is achieved through the incorporation of initial fibre waviness via a combination of a stochastic process and an optimisation procedure. A robust micro-scale framework is developed by assigning, to both constituents and their interface, proper thermodynamically consistent damage models. Several microstructures having different degrees of misalignment are modelled and a clear trend is observed for the longitudinal compressive load case, i.e. by increasing initial fibre misalignment, the overall performance of the material decreases. In contrast, the models subjected to longitudinal tension exhibit a similar overall response, despite the misalignment. However, local mechanisms seem to change with the degree of friction and fibre misalignment, but these smaller-scale mechanisms do not play a decisive role on the overall longitudinal tensile performance of the material.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-176
JournalInternational Journal of Solids and Structures
Volume203
Early online date11 Aug 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Composite materials
  • Fibre misalignment
  • Fracture
  • Micromechanics
  • Stochastic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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