Microstructural analysis of non-woven fabrics using scanning electron microscopy and image processing. Part 1: Development and verification of the methods

E. Ghassemieh, M. Acar, H. Versteeg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reports image analysis methods that have been developed to study the microstructural changes of non-wovens made by the hydroentanglement process. The validity of the image processing techniques has been ascertained by applying them to test images with known properties. The parameters in preprocessing of the scanning electron microscope (SEM) images used in image processing have been tested and optimized. The fibre orientation distribution is estimated using fast Fourier transform (FFT) and Hough transform (HT) methods. The results obtained using these two methods are in good agreement. The HT method is more demanding in computational time compared with the Fourier transform (FT) method. However, the advantage of the HT method is that the actual orientation of the lines can be concluded directly from the result of the transform without the need for any further computation. The distribution of the length of the straight fibre segments of the fabrics is evaluated by the HT method. The effect of curl of the fibres on the result of this evaluation is shown.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-207
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications
Volume216
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2002

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