Microstructure, mechanical properties and fractography of heat-treated manganese steel

Wei Sha, X. Geriletu, Eric A. Wilson, Savko Malinov, Zeyu Chen

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A Fe-8.46%Mn-0.24%Nb-0.038%C (wt.%) manganese steel was investigated. The steel has a 100% bcc structure after heat treatment at 850°C for 1.5 h, water quenching or air cooling. Martensite interlocked microstructure consisting of fine martensite plates/needles with different spatial orientations was found. Austenite forms, in small amounts, after a 600°C reheating treatment. Scanning electron microscopy images and energy dispersive spectrometry of the fracture surfaces revealed both ductile and brittle types of failure and precipitates. Deep quenching after the heat treatments does not change the phase composition or the hardness. NbC is formed in the steel, in high number densities. It plays a role in the impact fracture process, by acting as void nucleation sites, facilitating ductile fracture with dimples appearing on the fracture surface.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-27
JournalMicroscopy and Analysis
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 12 Nov 2014


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