Microstructure, properties and application of YAl2 intermetallic compound as particle reinforcements

N. Li, Q. Q. Zhang, L.Y. Niu, G.Q. Wu, Wei Sha

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    An yttrium aluminum (YAl2) intermetallic compound ingot was prepared in an induction furnace under vacuum. The microstructure of YAl2 ingot was characterized by optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction. The load bearing response of YAl2 intermetallic was investigated and compared with SiC ceramic by indentation combined with optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Additionally, the tensile properties of the Mg–Li matrix composites reinforced with ultrafine YAl2 particles fabricated by planet ball milling were tested. The results show that the intermetallic compound ingot in this experiment is composed of a main face-centered-cubic structure YAl2 phase, a small amount of YAl phase, and minor Y and Al-rich phases. YAl2 intermetallic compound has excellent stability and shows better capability in crack resistance than SiC ceramic. The YAl2 intermetallic compound has better deformation compatibility with the Mg–14Li–3Al matrix than SiC reinforcement with the matrix, which leads to the superior resistance to crack for YAl2p/Mg–14Li–3Al composite compared to SiCp/Mg–14Li–3Al composite.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)139–145
    Number of pages7
    JournalMaterials Science and Engineering: A
    Early online date28 Aug 2014
    Publication statusPublished - 03 Nov 2014


    • Intermetallics
    • Magnesium alloys
    • composites
    • Mechanical alloying
    • Electron microscopy
    • fracture


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