The ammoxidation of ethanol is investigated as a renewable process for the production of acetonitrile from a bio-feedstock. Palladium catalysts are shown to be active and very selective (>99%) to this reaction at moderate to low temperatures (150-240 °C), with acetonitrile yields considered a function of Pd morphology. Further investigations reveal that the stability of these catalysts is influenced by an unselective product, and that any deactivation observed is reversible. Interpretation of this deactivation allows operating conditions to be defined for the stable, high yielding production of acetonitrile from ethanol.
- Bio-based chemicals
- Product security
- Renewable solvents
- Sustainable chemistry
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Process Chemistry and Technology
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- School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering - Dean of Internationalisation and Reputation
- Research Centre in Sustainable Energy
- Multi Phase Flows, Reactors and Process Intensification