MiR-433 induces cellular senescence rendering ovarian cancer cells less likely to undergo chemotherapy-induced apoptosis

Weiner-Gorzel Karolina, Daniel Sharpe, Malgorzata Milewska, Aloysius McGoldrick, Caitlin Beggan, Nazia Faheem, Valerie Toh, Patricia Fitzpatrick, Madeline Murphy, Stephen F. Madden, John O'Leary, Sharon O'Toole, Elaine Kay, Malcolm Kell, Amanda McCann, Fiona Furlong

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review

Abstract

Annually, ovarian cancer (OC) affects 240,000 women worldwide and is the most lethal gynaecological malignancy. Such mortality is predominantly associated with the development of an intrinsic and acquired resistance to chemotherapy, the lack of targeted therapies and the lack of biomarkers predicting therapeutic response.

Our clinical data demonstrates that increased miR-433 expression in primary high grade serous OC (HGSOCs) is significantly associated with poor PFS (n=46, p=0.024). Interestingly, the IHC analysis of two miR-433 targets: MAD2 [Furlong et al., 2012 PMID:22069160] and HDAC6 shows that low IHC levels of both proteins is also significantly associated with worse outcome (p=0.002 and 0.002 respectively; n=43). Additionally, the analysis of miR 433 in the publicly available TCGA dataset corroborates that high miR-433 is significantly correlated with worse OS for patients presenting with OC (n=558 and p=0.027). In vitro, in a panel of OC cell lines, higher miR-433 and lower MAD2 and HDAC6 levels were associated with resistance to paclitaxel.

To further investigate the role of miR-433 in the cellular response to chemotherapy, we generated an OC cell line stably expressing miR-433, or miR-control. MTT viability assays and Western Blot analyses established that miR-433 cells were more resistant to paclitaxel treatment (50nM) compared to miR-controls. Importantly, we have shown for the first time that miR 433 induced senescence, exemplified by a flattened morphology and down-regulation of phosphorylated Retinoblastoma (p-Rb), a molecular marker of senescence. Surprisingly, miR 433 induced senescence was independent from two well recognised senescent drivers: namely p53/p21 and p16. To explore this further we performed an in silico analysis of seven microRNA platforms which indicated that miR 433 potentially targets Cyclin-dependent kinase CDK6, which promotes sustained phosphorylation of Rb and thus cell cycle progression. In vitro, the overexpression of pre-miR-433 resulted in diminished CDK6 expression demonstrating a novel interaction between miR-433 and CDK6.

In conclusion, this study demonstrates that high miR-433 expression predicts poor outcome in OC patients by putatively rendering OC cells resistant to paclitaxel treatment through the induction of cellular senescence identifying this microRNA as a potential marker of chemoresponse.
Original languageEnglish
PagesPMS14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2015
EventAACR Precision Medicine Series - Florida, Orlando, United States
Duration: 18 Jun 201421 Jun 2014

Conference

ConferenceAACR Precision Medicine Series
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando
Period18/06/201421/06/2014

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