Mitotic Arrest Deficiency Protein 2 (MAD2) and Histone Deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) Present a Complex Relationship in Their Regulation and Expression and Subsequent Impact on Chemoresponsiveness

K. Weiner-Gorzel, E. O'Reilly, A. McGoldrick, P. Fitzpatrick, S. O'Toole, A. Maguire, E. Kay, J. O'Leary, A. McCann, , Fiona Furlong

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Abstract

Introduction:
Ovarian cancer patients presenting with advanced stage (III/IV)
canceraretreatedwithcarboplatinumincombinationwithpaclitaxel.Despitea
significant initial response rate, fewer than 20% of patients become long-term
survivors. We have published that low MAD2 expression levels associate with
reduced progression free survival (PFS) in patients with high-grade serous
epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Moreover, we have demonstrated that MAD2
expressionisdown-regulatedbythemicroRNAmiR-433(
Furlong et al., 2011
).
Interestingly, miR-433 also down-regulates HDAC6 (
Simon et al., 2010
), which
uniquely deacetylates
a
-tubulin prior to HDAC6s binding to
b
-tubulin.
In vitro
studies have shown that HDAC6 inhibition in combination with paclitaxel
treatment enhances chemoresistant cancer cell death. To date, an interaction
between MAD2 and HDAC6 has not been reported.
Experimental design:
MAD2 and HDAC6 immunohistochemistry (IHC) and
Western blot analyses were performed to investigate the role of HDAC6 and
MAD2 in chemoresistance to paclitaxel in high-grade serous EOC.
Results and Discussion:
In vitro
experiments demonstrated that overex-
pression of pre-miR-433, which targets MAD2, resulted in down-regulation
of HDAC6 in EOC cell lines. High levels of HDAC6 are co-expressed with
MAD2 in the paclitaxel resistant UPN251 and OVCAR7 cell lines. While, all
4 paclitaxel resistant EOC cell lines express higher levels of miR-433 than
the paclitaxel sensitive A2780 cells, only ovca432 and ovca433 demonstrated
down-regulation of both HDAC6 and MAD2. Paclitaxel binds to
b
-tubulin and
causesmicrotubulepolymerizationinpaclitaxelsensitivecellsasdemonstrated
by tubulin acetylation in A2780 cells. However, paclitaxel failed to cause a
significant acetylation of
a
-tubulin and microtubule stabilisation in the resistant
UPN251 cells. Therefore resistance in this cell line may be mediated by
aberrantly high HDAC6 activity. We have previously shown that MAD2 knock-
down cells are resistant to paclitaxel (
Furlong F., et al., 2011; Prencipe M.,
et al., 2009
). We measured HDAC6 protein expression in MAD2 knockdown
cells and showed that MAD2 knockdown is associated with concomitant
up-regulation of HDAC6. We hypothesise that the up-regulation of HDAC6
by MAD2 knockdown renders cancer cells more resistant to paclitaxel and
increases the invasive potential of these cells. On-going experiments will test
this hypothesis. Lastly we have observed differential MAD2 and HDAC6 IHC
staining intensity in formalin fixed paraffin embedded EOC samples.
In conclusion
, we have reported on a novel interaction between MAD2 and
HDAC6 which may have important consequences for paclitaxel resistant EOC.
Moreover, understanding chemo-responsiveness in ovarian tumours will lead
to improved patient management and treatment options for women diagnosed
with this disease
Original languageEnglish
PagesS214
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jul 2012
Event22nd Biennial Congress of the European Association for Cancer Research - Barcelona, Spain
Duration: 08 Jul 201210 Jul 2012

Conference

Conference22nd Biennial Congress of the European Association for Cancer Research
CountrySpain
CityBarcelona
Period08/07/201210/07/2012

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    K. Weiner-Gorzel, E. O'Reilly, A. McGoldrick, P. Fitzpatrick, S. O'Toole, A. Maguire, E. Kay, J. O'Leary, A. McCann, , & Furlong, F. (2012). Mitotic Arrest Deficiency Protein 2 (MAD2) and Histone Deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) Present a Complex Relationship in Their Regulation and Expression and Subsequent Impact on Chemoresponsiveness. S214. Abstract from 22nd Biennial Congress of the European Association for Cancer Research, Barcelona, Spain. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0959-8049(12)71518-6