The Cholecystokinin-1 receptor (CCK1R) mediates actions of CCK in areas of the central nervous system and of the gut. It is a potential target to treat a number of diseases. As for all G-protein-coupled receptors, docking of ligands into modeled CCK1R binding site should greatly help to understand intrinsic mechanisms of activation. Here, we describe the procedure we used to progressively build a structural model for the CCK1R, to integrated, and on the basis of site-directed mutagenesis data on its binding site. Reliability of the CCK1R model was confirmed by interaction networks that involved conserved and functionally crucial motifs in G-protein-coupled receptors, such as Glu/Asp-Arg-Tyr and Asn-Pro-Xaa-Xaa-Tyr motifs. In addition, the 3-D structure of CCK1R-bound CCK resembled that determined by NMR in a lipid environment. The derived computational model was also used for revealing binding modes of several nonpeptide ligands and for rationalizing ligand structure-activity relationships known from experiments. Our findings indeed support that our "validated CCK1R model" could be used to study the intrinsic mechanism of CCK1R activation and design new ligands.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry