Modeling Type Ia supernova explosions

F.K. Röpke, I.R. Seitenzahl, S. Benitez, M. Fink, R. Pakmor, M. Kromer, S.A. Sim, F. Ciaraldi-Schoolmann, W. Hillebrandt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Despite their astrophysical significanceas a major contributor to cosmic nucleosynthesis and as distance indicators in observational cosmologyType Ia supernovae lack theoretical explanation. Not only is the explosion mechanism complex due to the interaction of (potentially turbulent) hydrodynamics and nuclear reactions, but even the initial conditions for the explosion are unknown. Various progenitor scenarios have been proposed. After summarizing some general aspects of Type Ia supernova modeling, recent simulations of our group are discussed. With a sequence of modeling starting (in some cases) from the progenitor evolution and following the explosion hydrodynamics and nucleosynthesis we connect to the formation of the observables through radiation transport in the ejecta cloud. This allows us to analyze several models and to compare their outcomes with observations. While pure deflagrations of Chandrasekhar-mass white dwarfs and violent mergers of two white dwarfs lead to peculiar events (that may, however, find their correspondence in the observed sample of SNe Ia), only delayed detonations in Chandrasekhar-mass white dwarfs or sub-Chandrasekhar-mass explosions remain promising candidates for explaining normal Type Ia supernovae.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-318
Number of pages10
JournalProgress in Particle and Nuclear Physics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01 Apr 2011

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Copyright 2011 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


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