Modelled kinetics of the rate of hydrogen evolution as a function of metal catalyst loading in the photocatalysed reforming of methanol by Pt (or Pd)/TiO2

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Abstract

The rate of hydrogen evolution, r(H2), due to the photocatalysed reforming of methanol, MeOH, is studied as a function of Pt loading on P25 TiO2 both in the aqueous (at room temperature) and gas phase (at 100 °C). A similar study, using Pd on P25, has been reported earlier [M. Bowker et al. J. Catalysis, 2003, 217, 427-433] and a perimeter-based Metal-Support Interface (MSI) kinetic model used to interpret the results. Here a new kinetic model is introduced which appears to provide a better fit to all the r(H2) vs wt% metal data sets, in which the rate of reaction is proportional to an extended area around each metal island, rather than its perimeter. A simple theoretical rationale is provided for this expanding photocatalytic area and overlap (EPAO) kinetic model in which each metal island forms an electric field with the surrounding TiO2 so as to act as a sink for electrons photogenerated in the surrounding TiO2 film, thereby allowing it to effect the reduction of water, leaving the remaining photogenerated holes to oxidise the methanol adsorbed on the TiO2. Some support for this very simple kinetic and theoretical model is provided by the results of a brief study of the oxidation of soot deposited on and around a Pt 'dot' on a sol-gel TiO2 film, in that, upon irradiation of this system a zone of activity is visibly revealed by the gradual disappearance of the soot around the Pt ‘dot’, the radius of which appears to be proportional to the radius of the metal ‘dot’.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-130
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry
Volume373
Early online date31 Dec 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2019

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