Modelling and Control of a 96V Hybrid Urban Bus

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Abstract

This paper describes the development and on-vehicle validation testing of next generation parallel hybrid electric powertrain technology for use in urban buses. A forward-facing MATLAB/Simulink powertrain model was used to develop a rule-based deterministic control system for a post-transmission parallel hybrid urban bus. The control strategy targeted areas where conventional powertrains are typically less efficient, focused on improving fuel economy and emissions without boosting vehicle performance. Stored electrical energy is deployed to assist the IC engine system leading to an overall reduction in fuel consumption while maintaining vehicle performance at a level comparable with baseline conventional IC engine operation. Regenerative braking is integrated with the existing braking systems on the vehicle, and the control system tailored to maximise the amount of energy recuperated during deceleration events and accelerator pedal lift off without adversely impacting on the normal behaviour of the vehicle. The control system was implemented on both prototype single (Streetlite) and double-deck (Streetdeck) vehicle configurations for real vehicle testing with partner Wrightbus. The hybridisation has reduced equivalent CO2 emissions by 34% (single-deck)/ 35% (double-deck) over the conventional Euro VI diesel vehicle on the Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership UK bus cycle (based on London Bus Route 159). These results compare favourably with alternative powertrain technologies currently available with similar certification. Moreover, the next generation hybrid urban bus has several distinct advantages as it is less restricted by infrastructure, range, or terrain issues, and has a comparatively lower purchase price point. Hybrid bus technologies offer the option of maintaining existing service levels without significant modifications to operations or budgets while achieving significant reductions in average fleet emissions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWCX SAE World Congress Experience 2019: Proceedings
PublisherSAE International
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 02 Apr 2019
EventWCX SAE World Congress Experience - Cobo Center, Detroit, United States
Duration: 09 Apr 201911 Apr 2019

Publication series

NameSAE Technical Papers
ISSN (Electronic)0148-7191

Conference

ConferenceWCX SAE World Congress Experience
CountryUnited States
CityDetroit
Period09/04/201911/04/2019

Fingerprint

Powertrains
Vehicle performance
Control systems
Engines
Regenerative braking
Deceleration
Testing
Fuel economy
Braking
Fuel consumption
MATLAB
Particle accelerators
Carbon

Cite this

Murtagh, M., Early, J., Stevens, G., Cunningham, G., Douglas, R., & Best, R. (2019). Modelling and Control of a 96V Hybrid Urban Bus. In WCX SAE World Congress Experience 2019: Proceedings (SAE Technical Papers). SAE International. https://doi.org/10.4271/2019-01-0354
Murtagh, Martin ; Early, Juliana ; Stevens, Gary ; Cunningham, Geoff ; Douglas, Roy ; Best, Robert. / Modelling and Control of a 96V Hybrid Urban Bus. WCX SAE World Congress Experience 2019: Proceedings . SAE International, 2019. (SAE Technical Papers).
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abstract = "This paper describes the development and on-vehicle validation testing of next generation parallel hybrid electric powertrain technology for use in urban buses. A forward-facing MATLAB/Simulink powertrain model was used to develop a rule-based deterministic control system for a post-transmission parallel hybrid urban bus. The control strategy targeted areas where conventional powertrains are typically less efficient, focused on improving fuel economy and emissions without boosting vehicle performance. Stored electrical energy is deployed to assist the IC engine system leading to an overall reduction in fuel consumption while maintaining vehicle performance at a level comparable with baseline conventional IC engine operation. Regenerative braking is integrated with the existing braking systems on the vehicle, and the control system tailored to maximise the amount of energy recuperated during deceleration events and accelerator pedal lift off without adversely impacting on the normal behaviour of the vehicle. The control system was implemented on both prototype single (Streetlite) and double-deck (Streetdeck) vehicle configurations for real vehicle testing with partner Wrightbus. The hybridisation has reduced equivalent CO2 emissions by 34{\%} (single-deck)/ 35{\%} (double-deck) over the conventional Euro VI diesel vehicle on the Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership UK bus cycle (based on London Bus Route 159). These results compare favourably with alternative powertrain technologies currently available with similar certification. Moreover, the next generation hybrid urban bus has several distinct advantages as it is less restricted by infrastructure, range, or terrain issues, and has a comparatively lower purchase price point. Hybrid bus technologies offer the option of maintaining existing service levels without significant modifications to operations or budgets while achieving significant reductions in average fleet emissions.",
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Murtagh, M, Early, J, Stevens, G, Cunningham, G, Douglas, R & Best, R 2019, Modelling and Control of a 96V Hybrid Urban Bus. in WCX SAE World Congress Experience 2019: Proceedings . SAE Technical Papers, SAE International, WCX SAE World Congress Experience, Detroit, United States, 09/04/2019. https://doi.org/10.4271/2019-01-0354

Modelling and Control of a 96V Hybrid Urban Bus. / Murtagh, Martin; Early, Juliana; Stevens, Gary; Cunningham, Geoff; Douglas, Roy; Best, Robert.

WCX SAE World Congress Experience 2019: Proceedings . SAE International, 2019. (SAE Technical Papers).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AB - This paper describes the development and on-vehicle validation testing of next generation parallel hybrid electric powertrain technology for use in urban buses. A forward-facing MATLAB/Simulink powertrain model was used to develop a rule-based deterministic control system for a post-transmission parallel hybrid urban bus. The control strategy targeted areas where conventional powertrains are typically less efficient, focused on improving fuel economy and emissions without boosting vehicle performance. Stored electrical energy is deployed to assist the IC engine system leading to an overall reduction in fuel consumption while maintaining vehicle performance at a level comparable with baseline conventional IC engine operation. Regenerative braking is integrated with the existing braking systems on the vehicle, and the control system tailored to maximise the amount of energy recuperated during deceleration events and accelerator pedal lift off without adversely impacting on the normal behaviour of the vehicle. The control system was implemented on both prototype single (Streetlite) and double-deck (Streetdeck) vehicle configurations for real vehicle testing with partner Wrightbus. The hybridisation has reduced equivalent CO2 emissions by 34% (single-deck)/ 35% (double-deck) over the conventional Euro VI diesel vehicle on the Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership UK bus cycle (based on London Bus Route 159). These results compare favourably with alternative powertrain technologies currently available with similar certification. Moreover, the next generation hybrid urban bus has several distinct advantages as it is less restricted by infrastructure, range, or terrain issues, and has a comparatively lower purchase price point. Hybrid bus technologies offer the option of maintaining existing service levels without significant modifications to operations or budgets while achieving significant reductions in average fleet emissions.

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Murtagh M, Early J, Stevens G, Cunningham G, Douglas R, Best R. Modelling and Control of a 96V Hybrid Urban Bus. In WCX SAE World Congress Experience 2019: Proceedings . SAE International. 2019. (SAE Technical Papers). https://doi.org/10.4271/2019-01-0354