Modelling the impacts of pasture contamination and stocking rate for the development of targeted selective treatment strategies for Ostertagia ostertagi infection in calves

Zoe Berk*, Yan C.S.M. Laurenson, Andrew B. Forbes, Ilias Kyriazakis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
19 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

A simulation study was carried out to assess whether variation in pasture contamination or stocking rate impact upon the optimal design of targeted selective treatment (TST) strategies. Two methods of TST implementation were considered: 1) treatment of a fixed percentage of a herd according to a given phenotypic trait, or 2) treatment of individuals that exceeded a threshold value for a given phenotypic trait. Four phenotypic traits, on which to base treatment were considered: 1) average daily bodyweight gain, 2) faecal egg count, 3) plasma pepsinogen, or 4) random selection. Each implementation method (fixed percentage or threshold treatment) and determinant criteria (phenotypic trait) was assessed in terms of benefit per R (BPR), the ratio of average benefit in weight gain to change in frequency of resistance alleles R (relative to an untreated population). The impact of pasture contamination on optimal TST strategy design was investigated by setting the initial pasture contamination to 100, 200 or 500 O. ostertagi L3/kg DM herbage; stocking rate was investigated at a low (3calves/ha), conventional (5 calves/ha) or high (7 calves/ha) stocking rates. When treating a fixed percentage of the herd, treatments according to plasma pepsinogen or random selection were identified as the most beneficial (i.e. resulted in the greatest BPR) for all levels of initial pasture contamination and all stocking rates. Conversely when treatments were administered according to threshold values ADG was most beneficial, and was identified as the best TST strategy (i.e. resulted in the greatest overall BPR) for all levels of initial pasture contamination and all stocking rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-86
Number of pages5
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
Volume238
Early online date28 Mar 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 The Authors

Keywords

  • Anthelmintic resistance
  • Cattle
  • Gastrointestinal parasitism
  • Ostertagia ostertagi
  • Stocking rate
  • Targeted selective treatment (TST)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • General Veterinary

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