Modelling trajectories through the educational system in North West England

R. Penn, D. Berridge

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)


    The main aim of this paper is to identify those school-level and locality-level factors that significantly affect each of the three stages in a young adult's educational trajectory in North West England: GCSE results, track taken at age 16 and 'A'-level scores. By applying three-level models to data collected as part of the EFFNATIS project, we find no evidence of any locality-level effects. Overall, none of the explanatory variables conventionally considered to affect educational attainment had a consistent effect across all three stages. Rather, each explanatory variable had a contingent effect at specific points within the overall trajectory of educational outcomes.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)411-431
    Number of pages21
    JournalEducation Economics
    Issue number4
    Early online date31 Oct 2008
    Publication statusPublished - 2008


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