Molecular testing of respiratory swabs aids early recognition of meningococcal disease in children

K.A. Dunlop, Peter Coyle, S. Mitchell, DEREK FAIRLEY, H. O'Neill, P. Jackson, Michael Shields

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Early meningococcal disease (MD) diagnosis is difficult. We assessed rapid molecular testing of respiratory specimens. We performed genotyping of respiratory swabs, blood, and cerebrospinal fluid from children with suspected disease and nasal swabs (NSs) from matched controls. Thirty-nine of 104 suspected cases had confirmed disease. Four controls were carriers. Throat swab ctrA and porA testing for detection of disease gave a sensitivity of 81% (17/21), specificity of 100% (44/44), positive predictive value (PPV) of 100% (17/17), negative predictive value (NPV) of 92% (44/48), and relative risk of 12. NS ctrA and porA testing gave a sensitivity of 51% (20/39), specificity of 95% (62/65), PPV of 87% (20/23), NPV of 77% (62/81), and relative risk of 4. Including only the 86 NSs taken within 48 h of presentation, the results were sensitivity of 60% (18/30), specificity of 96% (54/56), PPV of 90% (18/20), NPV of 82% (54/66), and relative risk of 5. Swab type agreement was excellent (kappa 0.80, P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)427-434
Number of pages8
JournalDiagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Volume70
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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