Hallmark features of myelofibrosis (MF) are cytopenias, constitutional symptoms and splenomegaly. Anemia and transfusion dependency are among the most important negative prognostic factors and are exacerbated by many JAK inhibitors (JAKi). Momelotinib (MMB) has been investigated in over 820 patients with MF and possesses a pharmacological and clinical profile differentiated from other JAKi by inhibition of JAK1, JAK2 and ACVR1. MMB is designed to address the complex drivers of iron-restricted anemia and chronic inflammation in MF and should improve constitutional symptoms and splenomegaly while maintaining or improving hemoglobin in JAKi-naive and previously JAKi-treated patients. The MOMENTUM Phase III study is designed to confirm and extend observations of safety and clinical activity of MMB.