The World Health Organisation (WHO) has set regional elimination goals for Measles (MV) eradication to be achieved by 2020 or earlier. A major question is whether an opportunity for veterinary virus infection of humans may arise when MV is eradicated and if vaccination is discontinued. Lessons have been learned from animal to human virus transmission i.e. human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and more recently from severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and avian influenza virus infections. We are therefore alerted to the risk of zoonosis from the veterinary morbilliviruses. In this review the evidence from viral genomics, animal studies and cell culture experiments will be explored to evaluate the possibility of cross infection of humans with these viruses.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2012|
- morbillivirus, measles virus, canine distemper virus, phocine distemper virus, dolphin distemper virus, rinderpest virus, peste des petits ruminants virus, zoonosis, cross species infection, receptors.