Morphologic fluorescein angiographic, and light microscopic features of experimental choroidal neovascularization

D. B. Archer, T. A. Gardiner

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We induced choroidal neovascularization in the rhesus monkey by impoverishing the blood supply to the inner retina and producing defects in Bruch's membrane by photocoagulation. Fourteen of 46 eyes undergoing photocoagulation developed neovascular fronds which were identified and categorized by histopathologic examination and fluorescein angiography. All new vessels gained access to the retina through defects in Bruch's membrane at the site of photocoagulation marks. In eight eyes the new vessels remained localized to the immediate vicinity of photocoagulation marks. In four eyes neovascular fronds infiltrated the subretinal space for distances up to 6 disk diameters from the point of entry into the retina. In the two eyes choroidovitreal neovascular complexes developed but rapidly regressed shortly after gaining the vitreous cavity. Fluorescein angiography demonstrated that all neovascular fronds were grossly incompetent to dye but that formed feeding channels had some degree of integrity. Light microscopic studies showed the proliferating networks to be composed of capillaries with well-formed basement membranes and more mature vessels with the basic structure of choroidal arteries and veins.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)297-311
Number of pages15
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 01 Mar 1981

Bibliographical note

LR: 20031114; JID: 0370500; ppublish


  • Animals
  • Arteries/cytology/growth & development/surgery
  • Arteriovenous Anastomosis/growth & development
  • Choroid/blood supply/surgery
  • Female
  • Fluorescein Angiography
  • Light Coagulation
  • Macaca mulatta
  • Male
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic
  • Retinal Vein
  • Veins/cytology/growth & development/surgery

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