Mothers' antenatal depression and their children's antisocial outcomes

Dale F. Hay, Susan Pawlby, Cerith S. Waters, Oliver Perra, Deborah Sharp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

101 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Interviews of 120 British adolescents and their parents (80% of a random sample of antenatal patients drawn from a representative urban population and followed longitudinally) revealed that 40 (33%) had been arrested and/or had a diagnosis of DSM-IV conduct disorder by 16 years of age; of those, 18 (45%) had committed violent acts. Depression in pregnancy significantly predicted violence in adolescence, even after controlling for the family environment, the child's later exposure to maternal depression, the mother's smoking and drinking during pregnancy, and parents' antisocial behavior. Mothers with a history of conduct problems were at elevated risk to become depressed in pregnancy, and the offspring of depressed women had a greater chance of becoming violent by age 16.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-165
Number of pages17
JournalChild Development
Volume81
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010

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