Mothers’ experiences of a lifestyle intervention for weight reduction 12 months after gestational diabetes mellitus: qualitative findings from the PAIGE2 study

Bridie J Kemp, Rachel M Creighton, Gina Cupples, Bronagh Kelly, Emma McAuley, Olwen Fleck, Helen Wallace, Una Graham, David R McCance*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

The standardised pooled prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) globally is approximately 14 %, a reflection of increasing rates of obesity in women of childbearing age. Lifestyle interventions to reduce GDM and subsequent type 2 diabetes (T2D) have been deemed a research priority but are challenging to perform and have variable success rates. The PAIGE2 study was a pragmatic lifestyle randomised controlled trial for women with GDM and body mass index ≥25 kg/m2, which began during pregnancy and continued for one year postnatally. The primary outcome was weight loss 12 months postnatally compared with mothers receiving standard maternity care. Qualitative results are presented from end of study focus groups conducted amongst intervention mothers to gather feedback and determine acceptability of the PAIGE2 intervention. In total, 19 mothers participated in five virtual focus groups. Content analysis explored general study experience, longer term changes to lifestyle and suggested improvements of intervention components including monthly phone calls, motivational text messages, Fitbit experience, Slimming World, and study contact timings. Overall, most mothers found the individual PAIGE2 intervention components enjoyable, although opinions differed as to which were the most effective. Several mothers claimed the intervention helped them make long-term changes to their behaviours. A common suggested improvement was the establishment of a local group where mothers could share their experiences. In conclusion, most mothers deemed the intervention acceptable, and felt that with minor enhancements, it could be utilised as an effective tool to support weight loss after pregnancy and reduce future risk of obesity and T2D.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103911
Number of pages8
JournalMidwifery
Volume129
Early online date22 Dec 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Acceptability
  • Gestational diabetes mellitus
  • Lifestyle
  • Overweight, Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Prevention
  • Qualitative
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Maternity and Midwifery

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