AIMS: To investigate the local, regulatory role of the mucosa on bladder strip contractility from normal and overactive bladders and to examine the effect of botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A).
METHODS: Bladder strips from spontaneously hyperactive rat (SHR) or normal rats (Sprague Dawley, SD) were dissected for myography as intact or mucosa-free preparations. Spontaneous, neurogenic and agonist-evoked contractions were investigated. SHR strips were incubated in BoNT-A (3 h) to assess effects on contractility.
RESULTS: Spontaneous contraction amplitude, force-integral or frequency were not significantly different in SHR mucosa-free strips compared with intacts. In contrast, spontaneous contraction amplitude and force-integral were smaller in SD mucosa-free strips than in intacts; frequency was not affected by the mucosa. Frequency of spontaneous contractions in SHR strips was significantly greater than in SD strips. Neurogenic contractions in mucosa-free SHR and SD strips at higher frequencies were smaller than in intact strips. The mucosa did not affect carbachol-evoked contractions in intact versus mucosa-free strips from SHR or SD bladders. BoNT-A reduced spontaneous contractions in SHR intact strips; this trend was also observed in mucosa-free strips but was not significant. Neurogenic and carbachol-evoked contractions were reduced by BoNT-A in mucosa-free but not intact strips. Depolarisation-induced contractions were smaller in BoNT-A-treated mucosa-free strips.
CONCLUSIONS: The mucosal layer positively modulates spontaneous contractions in strips from normal SD but not overactive SHR bladder strips. The novel finding of BoNT-A reduction of contractions in SHR mucosa-free strips indicates actions on the detrusor, independent of its classical action on neuronal SNARE complexes.