Multi-epoch high-resolution spectroscopy of SN2011fe - Linking the progenitor to its environment

F. Patat, M. A. Cordiner, N. L. J. Cox, R. I. Anderson, A. Harutyunyan, R. Kotak, L. Palaversa, V. Stanishev, L. Tomasella, S. Benetti, A. Goobar, A. Pastorello, J. Sollerman

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This study attempts to establish a link between the reasonably well known nature of the progenitor of SN2011fe and its surrounding environment. This is done with the aim of enabling the identification of similar systems in the vast majority of the cases, when distance and epoch of discovery do not allow a direct approach. To study the circumstellar environment of SN2011fe we have obtained high-resolution spectroscopy of SN2011fe on 12 epochs, from 8 to 86 days after the estimated date of explosion, targeting in particular at the time evolution of CaII and NaI. Three main absorption systems are identified from CaII and NaI, one associated to the Milky Way, one probably arising within a high-velocity cloud, and one most likely associated to the halo of M101. The Galactic and host galaxy reddening, deduced from the integrated equivalent widths (EW) of the NaI lines are E(B-V)=0.011+/-0.002 and E(B-V)=0.014+/-0.002 mag, respectively. The host galaxy absorption is dominated by a component detected at the same velocity measured from the 21-cm HI line at the projected SN position (~180 km/s). During the ~3 months covered by our observations, its EW changed by 15.6+/-6.5 mA. This small variation is shown to be compatible with the geometric effects produced by therapid SN photosphere expansion coupled to the patchy fractal structure of the ISM. The observed behavior is fully consistent with ISM properties similar to those derived for our own Galaxy, with evidences for structures on scales
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Issue number62
Publication statusPublished - 01 Dec 2011

Bibliographical note

12 pages, 6 figures, submitted to Astronomy and Astrophysics


  • astro-ph.SR

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