Multicomponent plasma expansion into vacuum with non-Maxwellian electrons

Ibrahem Elkamash, Ioannis Kourakis

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractpeer-review


The expansion of a collisionless plasma into vacuum has been widely studied since the early works of Gurevich et al and Allen and coworkers. It has received momentum in recent years, in particular in the context of ultraintense laser pulse interaction with a solid target, in an effort to elucidate the generation of high energy ion beams. In most present day experiments, laser produced plasmas contain several ion species, due to increasingly complicated composite targets. Anderson et al have studied the isothermal expansion of a two-ion-species plasma. As in most earlier works, the electrons were assumed to be isothermal throughout the expansion. However, in more realistic situations, the evolution of laser produced plasmas into vacuum is mainly governed by nonthermal electrons. These electrons are characterized by particle distribution functions with high energy tails, which may significantly deviate from the Maxwellian distribution. In this paper, we present a theoretical model for plasma expansion of two component plasma with nonthermal electrons, modelled by a kappa-type distribution. The superthermal effect on the ion density, velocity and the electric field is investigated. It is shown that energetic electrons have a significant effecton the expansion dynamics of the plasma. This work was supported from CPP/QUB funding. One of us (I.S. Elkamash) acknowledges financial support by an Egyptian Government fellowship.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted - 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event58th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Plasma Physics - San Jose McEnery Convention Center, San Jose, United States
Duration: 31 Oct 201604 Nov 2016


Conference58th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Plasma Physics
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Jose
Internet address


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