Multiple deprivation and persistent poverty in the European Union

C T Whelan, R Layte, B Maitre

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    53 Citations (Scopus)


    The literature on Social exclusion has focused attention on the processes leading to exposure to multiple disadvantage. Despite the influence this perspective has had on both academic and policy discussions, conceptual analysis has remained imprecise and empirical evidence modest. We have made use of the European Community Household Panel (ECHP) in order to examine the extent to which persistent income poverty results in multiple deprivation. Our analysis shows that only a modest proportion of the persistently poor can he characterized as being exposed to such deprivation. While persistent poverty and multiple deprivation combine to produce extremely high levels of economic strain, there is no evidence that they interact in a significant fashion. We argue that understanding deprivation is not facilitated by focusing on a cleavage between a multiply deprived minority and a comfortable majority, and we consider the policy implications of this argument.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)91-105
    Number of pages15
    JournalJournal Of European Social Policy
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - May 2002

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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