Multiple Luminaire Identification in Airborne Images of Airport’s Approach Lighting Using Mathematical Morphology With Variable Length Structuring Element

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Abstract

The increasing demand for fast air transportation around the clock
has increased the number of night flights in civil aviation over
the past few decades. In night aviation, to land an aircraft, a
pilot needs to be able to identify an airport. The approach
lighting system (ALS) at an airport is used to provide
identification and guidance to pilots from a distance. ALS
consists of more than $100$ luminaires which are installed in a
defined pattern following strict guidelines by the International
Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). ICAO also has strict
regulations for maintaining the performance level of the
luminaires. However, once installed, to date there is no automated
technique by which to monitor the performance of the lighting. We
suggest using images of the lighting pattern captured using a camera
placed inside an aircraft. Based on the information contained
within these images, the performance of the luminaires has to be
evaluated which requires identification of over $100$ luminaires
within the pattern of ALS image. This research proposes analysis
of the pattern using morphology filters which use a variable
length structuring element (VLSE). The dimension of the VLSE changes
continuously within an image and varies for different images.
A novel
technique for automatic determination of the VLSE is proposed and
it allows successful identification of the luminaires from the
image data as verified through the use of simulated and real data.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberJ-STSP-FSMM-00013-2012.R2
Pages (from-to)876 - 885
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing
Volume6
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Nov 2012

Keywords

  • Airport Lighting Signal Processing Image / Pattern Recognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Signal Processing

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