Multiuser relaying over mixed RF/FSO links

Nikolaos I Miridakis, Michail Matthaiou, George K. Karagiannidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

113 Citations (Scopus)


A multiuser dual-hop relaying system over mixed radio frequency/free-space optical (RF/FSO) links is investigated. Specifically, the system consists of m single-antenna sources, a relay node equipped with n≥ m receive antennas and a single photo-aperture transmitter, and one destination equipped with a single photo-detector. RF links are used for the simultaneous data transmission from multiple sources to the relay. The relay operates under the decode-and-forward protocol and utilizes the popular V-BLAST technique by successively decoding each user's transmitted stream. Two common norm-based orderings are adopted, i.e., the streams are decoded in an ascending or a descending order. After V-BLAST, the relay retransmits the decoded information to the destination via a point-to-point FSO link in m consecutive timeslots. Analytical expressions for the end-to-end outage probability and average symbol error probability of each user are derived, while closed-form asymptotic expressions are also presented. Capitalizing on the derived results, some engineering insights are manifested, such as the coding and diversity gain of each user, the impact of the pointing error displacement on the FSO link and the V-BLAST ordering effectiveness at the relay.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1634-1645
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number5
Early online date18 Mar 2014
Publication statusPublished - 16 May 2014


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