N-terminal His(7)-modification of glucagon-like peptide-1(7-36) amide generates dipeptidyl peptidase IV-stable analogues with potent antihyperglycaemic activity

Brian Green, Mark Mooney, Nicola Gault, Neil Irwin, Joe Bailey, Patrick Harriott, Brett Greer, F.P.M. O'Harte, P.R. Flatt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glucagon-like peptide-1(7-36)amide (GLP-1) possesses several unique and beneficial effects for the potential treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, the rapid in-activation of GLP-1 by dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) results in a short half-life in vivo (less than 2 min) hindering therapeutic development. In the present study, a novel His(7)-modified analogue of GLP-1, N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1, as well as N-acetyl-GLP-1 were synthesised and tested for DPP IV stability and biological activity. Incubation of GLP-1 with either DPP IV or human plasma resulted in rapid degradation of native GLP-1 to GLP-1 (9-36),amide, while N-acetyl-GLP-1 and N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1 were completely resistant to degradation. N-acetyl-GLP-1 and N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1 bound to the GLP-1 receptor but had reduced affinities (IC50 values 32(.)9 and 6(.)7 nM, respectively) compared with native GLP-1 (IC50 0(.)37 nM). Similarly, both analogues stimulated cAMP production with EC50 values of 16(.)3 and 27 nM respectively compared with GLP-1 (EC50 4(.)7 nM). However, N-acetyl-GLP-1 and N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1 exhibited potent insulinotropic activity in vitro at 5(.)6 mM glucose (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-388
Number of pages10
JournalThe Journal of endocrinology
Volume180
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Fingerprint

Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4
Glucagon-Like Peptide 1
Hypoglycemic Agents
Inhibitory Concentration 50
glucagon-like peptide 1 (7-36)amide
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Half-Life
Glucose
N-pyroglutamyl-glucagon-like peptide-1 (7-36)amide
N-acetyl-glucagon-like peptide-1 (7-36)amide

Cite this

@article{8c37b253f5024bc388b19b99ff0b9dc5,
title = "N-terminal His(7)-modification of glucagon-like peptide-1(7-36) amide generates dipeptidyl peptidase IV-stable analogues with potent antihyperglycaemic activity",
abstract = "Glucagon-like peptide-1(7-36)amide (GLP-1) possesses several unique and beneficial effects for the potential treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, the rapid in-activation of GLP-1 by dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) results in a short half-life in vivo (less than 2 min) hindering therapeutic development. In the present study, a novel His(7)-modified analogue of GLP-1, N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1, as well as N-acetyl-GLP-1 were synthesised and tested for DPP IV stability and biological activity. Incubation of GLP-1 with either DPP IV or human plasma resulted in rapid degradation of native GLP-1 to GLP-1 (9-36),amide, while N-acetyl-GLP-1 and N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1 were completely resistant to degradation. N-acetyl-GLP-1 and N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1 bound to the GLP-1 receptor but had reduced affinities (IC50 values 32(.)9 and 6(.)7 nM, respectively) compared with native GLP-1 (IC50 0(.)37 nM). Similarly, both analogues stimulated cAMP production with EC50 values of 16(.)3 and 27 nM respectively compared with GLP-1 (EC50 4(.)7 nM). However, N-acetyl-GLP-1 and N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1 exhibited potent insulinotropic activity in vitro at 5(.)6 mM glucose (P",
author = "Brian Green and Mark Mooney and Nicola Gault and Neil Irwin and Joe Bailey and Patrick Harriott and Brett Greer and F.P.M. O'Harte and P.R. Flatt",
year = "2004",
language = "English",
volume = "180",
pages = "379--388",
journal = "The Journal of endocrinology",
issn = "0022-0795",
publisher = "Society for Endocrinology",

}

N-terminal His(7)-modification of glucagon-like peptide-1(7-36) amide generates dipeptidyl peptidase IV-stable analogues with potent antihyperglycaemic activity. / Green, Brian; Mooney, Mark; Gault, Nicola; Irwin, Neil; Bailey, Joe; Harriott, Patrick; Greer, Brett; O'Harte, F.P.M.; Flatt, P.R.

In: The Journal of endocrinology, Vol. 180, 2004, p. 379-388.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - N-terminal His(7)-modification of glucagon-like peptide-1(7-36) amide generates dipeptidyl peptidase IV-stable analogues with potent antihyperglycaemic activity

AU - Green, Brian

AU - Mooney, Mark

AU - Gault, Nicola

AU - Irwin, Neil

AU - Bailey, Joe

AU - Harriott, Patrick

AU - Greer, Brett

AU - O'Harte, F.P.M.

AU - Flatt, P.R.

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - Glucagon-like peptide-1(7-36)amide (GLP-1) possesses several unique and beneficial effects for the potential treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, the rapid in-activation of GLP-1 by dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) results in a short half-life in vivo (less than 2 min) hindering therapeutic development. In the present study, a novel His(7)-modified analogue of GLP-1, N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1, as well as N-acetyl-GLP-1 were synthesised and tested for DPP IV stability and biological activity. Incubation of GLP-1 with either DPP IV or human plasma resulted in rapid degradation of native GLP-1 to GLP-1 (9-36),amide, while N-acetyl-GLP-1 and N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1 were completely resistant to degradation. N-acetyl-GLP-1 and N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1 bound to the GLP-1 receptor but had reduced affinities (IC50 values 32(.)9 and 6(.)7 nM, respectively) compared with native GLP-1 (IC50 0(.)37 nM). Similarly, both analogues stimulated cAMP production with EC50 values of 16(.)3 and 27 nM respectively compared with GLP-1 (EC50 4(.)7 nM). However, N-acetyl-GLP-1 and N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1 exhibited potent insulinotropic activity in vitro at 5(.)6 mM glucose (P

AB - Glucagon-like peptide-1(7-36)amide (GLP-1) possesses several unique and beneficial effects for the potential treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, the rapid in-activation of GLP-1 by dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) results in a short half-life in vivo (less than 2 min) hindering therapeutic development. In the present study, a novel His(7)-modified analogue of GLP-1, N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1, as well as N-acetyl-GLP-1 were synthesised and tested for DPP IV stability and biological activity. Incubation of GLP-1 with either DPP IV or human plasma resulted in rapid degradation of native GLP-1 to GLP-1 (9-36),amide, while N-acetyl-GLP-1 and N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1 were completely resistant to degradation. N-acetyl-GLP-1 and N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1 bound to the GLP-1 receptor but had reduced affinities (IC50 values 32(.)9 and 6(.)7 nM, respectively) compared with native GLP-1 (IC50 0(.)37 nM). Similarly, both analogues stimulated cAMP production with EC50 values of 16(.)3 and 27 nM respectively compared with GLP-1 (EC50 4(.)7 nM). However, N-acetyl-GLP-1 and N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1 exhibited potent insulinotropic activity in vitro at 5(.)6 mM glucose (P

M3 - Article

C2 - 15012592

VL - 180

SP - 379

EP - 388

JO - The Journal of endocrinology

JF - The Journal of endocrinology

SN - 0022-0795

ER -