N-terminally modified glucagon-like peptide-1(7-36) amide exhibits resistance to enzymatic degradation while maintaining its antihyperglycaemic activity in vivo

F.P.M. O'Harte, Mark Mooney, A. Lawlor, P.R. Flatt

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40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glucagon-like peptide-1 (7-36)amide (tGLP-1) is inactivated by dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP) IV by removal of the NH2-terminal dipeptide His(7)-Ala(8). We examined the degradation of NH2-terminally modified His(7)-glucitol tGLP-1 and its insulin-releasing and antihyperglycaemic activity in vivo, tGLP-1 was degraded by purified DPP IV after 4 h (43% intact) and after 12 hi 89% was converted to GLP-1(9-36)amide. In contrast > 99% of His(7)-glucitol tGLP-1 remained intact at 12 h. His(7)-glucitol tGLP-1 was similarly resistant to plasma degradation in vitro. His7-glucitol tGLP-1 showed greater resistance to degradation in vivo (92% intact) compared to tGLP-1 (27% intact) 10 min after i.p. administration to Wistar rats. Glucose homeostasis was examined following i.p. injection of both peptides (12 nmol/kg) together with glucose (18 mmol/kg). Plasma glucose concentrations were significantly reduced and insulin concentrations elevated following peptides administration compared with glucose alone. The area under the curve (AUC) for glucose for controls (AUC 691 +/- 35 mM/min) was significantly lower after administration of tGLP-1 and His7-glucitol tGLP-1 (36 and 49% less; AUC; 440 +/- 40 and 353 +/- 31 mM/min, respectively; P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-22
Number of pages10
JournalBIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-GENERAL SUBJECTS
Volume1474
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 06 Mar 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

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