National parks were first established a century and a half ago and remain a popular means to protect and manage highly prized landscapes. This chapter reviews their transition from the primary purpose of protection towards delivery of a broader set of countryside management aims. Evolving national park models embrace a strong sustainability agenda within multifunctional and increasingly contested landscapes. This presents challenges for contemporary rural planning and governance. These include the management of competing traditional and new rural economy functions and associated stakeholder interests. The chapter provides insights into the economic and social forces at work in managing contemporary national parks. It seeks to contribute to ongoing debates about the role and mechanisms of national park management in the 21st century.
|Title of host publication||The Routledge Companion to Rural Planning|
|Editors||Mark Scott, Nick Gallent, Menelaos Gkartzios|
|Place of Publication||Oxon|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 29 Jan 2019|
Bell, J., & Stockdale, A. (2019). National Parks as Countryside Management: A 21st Century Dilemma. In M. Scott, N. Gallent, & M. Gkartzios (Eds.), The Routledge Companion to Rural Planning (pp. 437-445). Oxon: Routledge.