This article compares chronologies reconstructed from historical records of prices, wages, grain harvests, and population with corresponding chronologies of growing conditions and climatic variations derived from dendrochronology and Greenland ice-cores. It demonstrates that in pre-industrial, and especially late medieval, England, short-term environmental shocks and more enduring shifts in environmental conditions (sometimes acting in concert with biological agencies) exercised a powerful influence upon the balance struck between population and available resources via their effects upon the reproduction, health and life expectancy of humans, crops, and livestock. Prevailing socio-economic conditions and institutions, in turn, shaped society's susceptibility to these environmental shocks and shifts.
|Number of pages||34|
|Journal||Economic History Review|
|Publication status||Published - May 2010|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Economics and Econometrics
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Three centuries of English crop yields, 1211 1491
Campbell, B. (Creator), Livingstone, M. (Data Collector), Drewery, A. (Data Collector), Whittick, C. (Data Collector) & Yeates, E. (Data Manager), Queen's University Belfast, 2007