Nature-Based Deployment Strategies for Multiple Paces of Change: The Case of Oimachi, Japan

Rob Roggema, Nico Tillie, Greg Keeffe, Wanglin Yan

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1 Citation (Scopus)
31 Downloads (Pure)


In this article a planning approach is proposed to accommodate different paces of urbanisation. Instead of responding to a single problem with a Pavlov-type of response, analysis shows that the transformational tempi of different urban landscapes require multiple deployment strategies to develop urban environments that are sustainable and resilient. The application of nature-based solutions, enhancing both human and natural health in cities, is used as the foundation for the design of deployment strategies that respond to different paces of urban change. The results show that urban characteristics, such as population density and built space is, partly, dependent on the underlying landscape characteristics, therefore show specific development pathways. To create liveable and sustainable urban areas that can deal holistically with a range of intertwined problems, specific deployment strategies should be used in each specific urban context. This benefits the city-precinct as a whole and at the local scale. Even small nature-based solutions, applied as the right deployment strategy in the right context, have profound impact as the starting point of a far-reaching urban transformation. The case-study for Oimachi in Japan illustrates how this planning approach can be applied, how the different urban rhythms are identified, and to which results this leads.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-161
Number of pages19
JournalUrban Planning
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 25 May 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We are grateful for the support of the research under the Belmont Forum Sustainable Urbanization Global Initiative (SUGI) on Food-Water-Energy Nexus with the project reference M-NEX. The research-by-design workshop was conducted at the Future City Lab, SFC Institute of Keio University sponsored by the Kanpe Real Estates. We thank NPO Town Development Oi for the coordination with local leaders and citizens.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors; licensee Cogitatio (Lisbon, Portugal).

Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Deployment strategy
  • Nature-based solutions
  • Rapid urbanisation
  • Resilience
  • Transformation
  • Urban change

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urban Studies


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