Near-field localization and channel reconstruction for ELAA systems

Zhizheng Lu, Yu Han, Shi Jin, Michalis Matthaiou

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Abstract

In this paper, an efficient near-field channel reconstruction and user equipment (UE) localization scheme is proposed for extremely large antenna array (ELAA) systems using a subarray hybrid precoding architecture. Considering the non-negligible signal amplitude and phase variations across the different receive antennas, a more realistic channel model is adopted. The channel environment, with an approximate smooth ground surface, is modeled. In fact, the channel can be divided into a line-of-sight (LoS) path, a reflection path and some non-LoS (NLoS) paths. Based on the sparsity of the channel in the spatial domain, the damped Newtonized orthogonal matching pursuit (DNOMP) algorithm is also proposed to accurately estimate the multipaths, and reconstruct the channel. Then, a UE localization algorithm is proposed, which can detect the existence of the LoS path and locate the UE. A joint localization algorithm is also devised to further increase the positioning reliability. Simulation results verify that the DNOMP algorithm can reconstruct the channel with better NMSE performance than other schemes. The localization algorithm can locate the UE with low error whenever the LoS path exists or not, with an accuracy close enough to the position error bound (PEB), while the joint localization algorithm can further enhance the positioning reliability.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Early online date05 Dec 2023
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 05 Dec 2023

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