Neighborhood signaling effects, commuting time, and employment: Evidence from a field experiment

Magnus Carlsson, Abdulaziz Abrar Reshid, Dan-Olof Rooth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
42 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

We investigate whether there is unequal treatment in hiring depending on whether a job applicant signals living in a bad (deprived) neighborhood or in a good (affluent) neighborhood. We conducted a field experiment where fictitious job applications were sent to employers with an advertised vacancy. Each job application was randomly assigned a residential address in either a bad or a good neighborhood. The measured outcome is the fraction of invitations for a job interview (the callback rate). We find no evidence of general neighborhood signaling effects. However, job applicants with a foreign background have callback rates that are 42 percent lower if they signal living in a bad neighborhood rather than in a good neighborhood. In addition, we find that applicants with commuting times longer than 90 minutes have lower callback rates, and this is unrelated to the neighborhood signaling effect. Empirical evidence of causal neighborhood effects on labor market outcomes is scant, and causal evidence on the mechanisms involved is even more scant. We provide such evidence.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Manpower
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Neighborhood signaling effects, commuting time, and employment: Evidence from a field experiment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this