Nestor-Guillermo Progeria Syndrome: a biochemical insight into Barrier-to-Autointegration Factor 1, alanine 12 threonine mutation

Nicolas Paquet, Joseph K. Box, Nicholas W. Ashton, Amila Suraweera, Laura V. Croft, Aaron J. Urquhart, Emma Bolderson, Shu-Dong Zhang, Kenneth J. O'Byrne, Derek J. Richard*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Background: Premature aging syndromes recapitulate many aspects of natural aging and provide an insight into this phenomenon at a molecular and cellular level. The progeria syndromes appear to cause rapid aging through disruption of normal nuclear structure. Recently, a coding mutation (c.34G > A [p.A12T]) in the Barrier to Autointegration Factor 1 (BANF1) gene was identified as the genetic basis of Nestor-Guillermo Progeria syndrome (NGPS). This mutation was described to cause instability in the BANF1 protein, causing a disruption of the nuclear envelope structure.

Results: Here we demonstrate that the BANF1 A12T protein is indeed correctly folded, stable and that the observed phenotype, is likely due to the disruption of the DNA binding surface of the A12T mutant. We demonstrate, using biochemical assays, that the BANF1 A12T protein is impaired in its ability to bind DNA while its interaction with nuclear envelope proteins is unperturbed. Consistent with this, we demonstrate that ectopic expression of the mutant protein induces the NGPS cellular phenotype, while the protein localizes normally to the nuclear envelope.

Conclusions: Our study clarifies the role of the A12T mutation in NGPS patients, which will be of importance for understanding the development of the disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number27
Number of pages11
JournalBMC Molecular Biology
Volume15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Dec 2014

Keywords

  • Progeria
  • Nuclear envelope
  • Aging
  • NUCLEAR-ENVELOPE
  • FACTOR BAF
  • STRUCTURE PREDICTION
  • STRUCTURAL BASIS
  • LEM-DOMAIN
  • IN-VITRO
  • DNA
  • BINDING
  • COMPLEXES
  • SERVER

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