Using an antiserum raised to the C-terminal region of neuropeptide Y (NPY) which does not cross-react with pancreatic polypeptide (PP), immunoreactivity has been detected in two different endocrine tumours of the human pancreas in concentrations permitting isolation and structural analysis. In a clinically-typical gastrinoma, resected from the head of pancreas, the concentration of NPY immunoreactivity was 3.4 nmol/g. Reverse phase HPLC analysis of extracts of this tumour resolved a single immunoreactive peptide coeluting with synthetic human NPY. The molecular mass of the isolated peptide, determined by mass spectroscopy, was 4270 Da, which was in close agreement with that derived from the deduced primary structure of human tumour NPY (4271.7 Da), obtained by gas-phase sequencing. A somatostatinoma, resected from the region of the ampulla of Vater, contained 3.8 nmol/g of NPY immunoreactivity and isolation of this immunoreactive peptide followed by structural analyses, indicated a molecular structure consistent with NPY 3-36. These data suggest that NPY immunoreactivity detected in human pancreatic endocrine tumours is molecularly heterogenous, a finding which may be of relevance in the symptomatology of such tumours as attenuation of the N-terminus of this peptide generates receptor selectivity.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|