Neuropeptide YY1 receptor in human dental pulp cells of noncarious and carious teeth

Ikhlas El Karim, Philip Lamey, Gerard Linden, Fionnuala Lundy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim To determine the distribution of the NPY Y1 receptor in carious and noncarious human dental pulp tissue using immunohistochemistry. A subsidiary aim was to confirm the presence of the NPY Y1 protein product in membrane fractions of dental pulp tissue from carious and noncarious teeth using western blotting. Methodology Twenty two dental pulp samples were collected from carious and noncarious extracted teeth. Ten samples were processed for immunohistochemistry using a specific antibody to the NPY Y1 receptor. Twelve samples were used to obtain membrane extracts which were electrophoresed, blotted onto nitrocellulose and probed with NPY Y1 receptor antibody. Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis of variance was employed to test for overall statistical differences between NPY Y1 levels in noncarious, moderately carious and grossly carious teeth. Results Neuropeptide Y Y1 receptor immunoreactivity was detected on the walls of blood vessels in pulp tissue from noncarious teeth. In carious teeth NPY Y1 immunoreactvity was observed on nerve fibres, blood vessels and inflammatory cells. Western blotting indicated the presence and confirmed the variability of NPY Y1 receptor protein expression in solubilised membrane preparations of human dental pulp tissue from carious and noncarious teeth. Conclusions Neuropeptide Y Y1 is expressed in human dental pulp tissue with evidence of increased expression in carious compared with noncarious teeth, suggesting a role for NPY Y1 in modulation of caries induced pulpal inflammation. © 2008 International Endodontic Journal.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)850-855
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Endodontic Journal
Volume41
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008

Keywords

  • Antibodies
  • Blotting, Western
  • Cell Membrane
  • Dental Caries
  • Dental Pulp
  • Endothelial Cells
  • Endothelium, Vascular
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Lymphocytes
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Microvessels
  • Nerve Fibers
  • Neutrophils
  • Odontoblasts
  • Receptors, Neuropeptide Y

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