Extracellular adenosine signaling is established as a protective component in mucosal inflammatory responses. The sources of extracellular adenosine include enzymatic processing from nucleotides, such as ATP and AMP that can be liberated from a variety of cell types, including infiltrating leukocytes. Here, we demonstrate that activated human neutrophils are a source of diadenosine triphosphate (Ap3A), providing an additional source of nucleotides during inflammation. Profiling murine enteroids and intestinal epithelial cell (IEC) lines revealed that intestinal epithelia prominently express apical and lateral ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase-1 (ENPP1), a member of the ENPP family of enzymes that metabolize diadenosine phosphates, especially Ap3A. Extensions of these studies demonstrated that intestinal epithelia metabolize Ap3A to ADP and AMP, which are further metabolized to adenosine and made available to activate surface adenosine receptors. Using loss and gain of ENPP1 approaches, we revealed that ENPP1 coordinates epithelial barrier formation and promotes epithelial wound healing responses. These studies demonstrate the cooperative metabolism between Ap3A and ENPP1 function to provide a significant source of adenosine, sub-serving its role in inflammatory resolution.