New design of a multi-jet target for quasi phase matching

A. Hage*, B. Landgraf, M. Taylor, M. Wünsche, T. Gangolf, H. Höppner, M. J. Prandolini, R. Riedel, M. Schulz, F. Tavella, A. Willner, M. Yeung, G. G. Paulus, C. Spielmann, B. Dromey, M. Zepf

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


An improved dual-gas quasi-phase matching (QPM) foil target for high harmonic generation (HHG) is presented. The target can be setup with 12 individual gas inlets each feeding multiple nozzles separated by a minimum distance of 10 μm. Three-dimensional gas density profiles of these jets were measured using a Mach-Zehnder Interferometer. These measurements reveal how the jets influence the density of gas in adjacent jets and how this leads to increased local gas densities. The analysis shows that the gas profiles of the jets are well defined up to a distance of about 300 μm from the orifice. This target design offers experimental flexibility, not only for HHG/QPM investigations, but also for a wide range of experiments due to the large number of possible jet configurations. We demonstrate the application to controlled phase tuning in the extreme ultraviolet using a 1 kHz-10 mJ-30 fs-laser system where interference between two jets in the spectral range from 17 to 30 nm was observed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103105
Number of pages5
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Early online date07 Oct 2014
Publication statusPublished - 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation


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