New Electronic Switching Arrangement for (sub)mm-Wave Radiometer Calibration

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This paper describes a new quasi-optical switching method for more efficient calibration of millimetre and submillimetre wave Earth Observation (EO) radiometers. Passive remote sensing instruments must be calibrated regularly to ensure high measurement accuracy and current systems require switching between known hot and cold reference target loads using large and heavy power hungry motor driven mechanical systems. The proposed switching method is based on a reconfigurable Frequency Selective Surface (FSS) which is composed of a thin dielectric slab placed above a periodic array of polarisation independent slot elements. The spacing between the FSS and the high permittivity dielectric is adjusted to provide a good impedance match to free-space and hence high transmission for the ‘ON’ state, whereas for the ‘OFF’ state the separation distance is chosen to degrade the match and hence suppress the signal transmission by -30 dB mid band. Numerical predictions and experimental results in the frequency range 316 - 334 GHz are presented to demonstrate the operation of the FSS switch.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 13th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP)
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)978-88-907018-8-7
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2019
Event13th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation - Krakow, Poland
Duration: 31 Mar 201905 Apr 2019
Conference number: 13th


Conference13th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation
Abbreviated titleEuCAP 2019
Internet address

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