A sensitive and relatively fast, cost-effective high-performance liquid chromatographic method coupled with mass spectrometer (HPLC-MS) is herein reported for the first time for a simultaneous quantification of plasma and organs concentration of three therapeutic agents that are widely used in treatment of lymphatic filariasis (LF), namely, doxycycline (DOX), diethylcarbamazine (DEC) and albendazole (ABZ) metabolites. The method was developed and validated as per ICH and FDA guidelines and successfully employed to quantify DOX, DEC and ABZ metabolites (albendazole sulfoxide (ABZ-OX) and albendazole sulfone (ABZ-ON)) in the plasma and organs of Sprague Dawley rats after oral concomitant administration of the above mentioned therapeutic agents. Importantly, a simple, one-step protein precipitation and extraction method was used to extract the four compounds efficiently with a recovery in the range of 79.88 ± 5.02%-90.71 ± 5.13%, 85.72 ± 7.22%-93.17 ± 5.55%, 94.38 ± 7.35%-101.00 ± 8.88% and 94.38 ± 7.35%-99.87 ± 10.22% in plasma and organs for DOX, DEC, ABZ-OZ and ABZ-ON, respectively. Separation of all analytes was performed on a Xselect CSH™ C18 HPLC column (Waters, 3.0 x 150 mm, 3.5 μm particle size) with gradient elution employing a mobile phase consisting of 0.1% v/v formic acid in water and methanol with a run time of 20 min. Quantification was carried out employing a single, quadruple MS detector operated with single ion monitoring (SIM) mode and the ion transitions at m/z of 445.4, 200.2, 282.3 and 298.3 for DOX, DEC, ABZ-OX and ABZ-ON respectively. The MS response for plasma samples was linear across the concentration range of 2.5-2500 ng/mL for DOX, 0.5-500 ng/mL for DEC, 1-1000 ng/mL for ABZ-OX and ABZ-ON with a correlation coefficient (r2) ≥ 0.998. The method was selective, precise and accurate. This method allowed us to get an insight into the pharmacokinetics and biodistribution of the three therapeutic agents after simultaneous oral administration to Sprague Dawley rats. This bioanalytical method could provide a reliable, reproducible and excellent tool for routine therapeutic drug monitoring of the above mentioned therapeutic agents and also support other clinical pharmacokinetic-based studies.