New Method for the Estimation of Viscosity of Pure and Mixtures of Ionic Liquids Based on the UNIFAC–VISCO Model

Nan Zhao, Johan Jacquemin, Ryan Oozeerally, Volkan Degirmenci

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A modified UNIFAC–VISCO group contribution method was developed for the correlation and prediction of viscosity of ionic liquids as a function of temperature at 0.1 MPa. In this original approach, cations and anions were regarded as peculiar molecular groups. The significance of this approach comes from the ability to calculate the viscosity of mixtures of ionic liquids as well as pure ionic liquids. Binary interaction parameters for selected cations and anions were determined by fitting the experimental viscosity data available in literature for selected ionic liquids. The temperature dependence on the viscosity of the cations and anions were fitted to a Vogel–Fulcher–Tamman behavior. Binary interaction parameters and VFT type fitting parameters were then used to determine the viscosity of pure and mixtures of ionic liquids with different combinations of cations and anions to ensure the validity of the prediction method. Consequently, the viscosities of binary ionic liquid mixtures were then calculated by using this prediction method. In this work, the viscosity data of pure ionic liquids and of binary mixtures of ionic liquids are successfully calculated from 293.15 K to 363.15 K at 0.1 MPa. All calculated viscosity data showed excellent agreement with experimental data with a relative absolute average deviation lower than 1.7%.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2160–2169
JournalJournal of Chemical and Engineering Data
Issue number6
Early online date31 May 2016
Publication statusEarly online date - 31 May 2016

Bibliographical note

doi: 10.1021/acs.jced.6b00161


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