New Observations of Balmer Continuum Flux in Solar Flares, Instrument Description and First Results: Instrument Description and First Results

Pavel Kotrc, Ondrej Prochazka, Petr Heinzel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Increase in the Balmer continuum radiation during solar flares was predicted by various authors, but has never been firmly confirmed observationally using ground-based slit spectrographs. Here we describe a new post-focal instrument, the image selector, with which the Balmer continuum flux can be measured from the whole flare area, in analogy to successful detections of flaring dMe stars. The system was developed and put into operation at the horizontal solar telescope HSFA2 of the Ondřejov Observatory. We measure the total flux by a fast spectrometer from a limited but well-defined region on the solar disk. Using a system of diaphragms, the disturbing contribution of a bright solar disk can be eliminated as much as possible. Light curves of the measured flux in the spectral range 350 – 440 nm are processed, together with the Hα images of the flaring area delimited by the appropriate diaphragm. The spectral flux data are flat-fielded, calibrated, and processed to be compared with model predictions. Our analysis of the data proves that the described device is sufficiently sensitive to detect variations in the Balmer continuum during solar flares. Assuming that the Balmer-continuum kernels have at least a similar size as those visible in Hα, we find the flux increase in the Balmer continuum to reach 230 – 550 % of the quiet continuum during the observed X-class flare. We also found temporal changes in the Balmer continuum flux starting well before the onset of the flare in Hα.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)779 -789
Number of pages11
JournalSolar Physics
Volume291
Issue number3
Early online date15 Feb 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016

Bibliographical note

12 pages, 4 figures

Keywords

  • astro-ph.SR

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