No clear evidence of an association between plasma concentrations of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and depressed mood in a non-clinical population

Katherine Appleton, D. Gunnell, T.J. Peters, A.R. Ness, D. Kessler, P.J. Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous research suggests that low n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3PUFA) status is associated with higher levels of depression in clinical populations. This analysis aimed to investigate the relationship between depressed mood and n-3PUFA status in a non-clinical population. The analysis was conducted on data collected as part of a large randomized controlled trial investigating the impact of n-3PUFA supplementation on depressed mood in a community-based population. On entry into the trial, data on depressed mood were collected using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Plasma concentrations of various n-3PUFAs and n-6 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-6PUFAs) were obtained from fasting venous blood samples, and various demographics were also measured. Using regression, there was no evidence of an association between either measure of depressed mood and any of the measures of n-3PUFA status or of n-6PUFA: n-3PUFA ratios. Clear associations were also not found when demographic factors were included in the analyses. These findings suggest that n-3PUFAs may not have a role in the aetiology of minor depression. This is also consistent with the results of other studies that have not demonstrated an association between depressed mood and n-3PUFA status in non-clinical populations and epidemiological studies that have not demonstrated an association between depressed mood and n-3PUFA intake in these populations. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-342
Number of pages6
JournalPROSTAGLANDINS LEUKOTRIENES AND ESSENTIAL FATTY ACIDS
Volume78
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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