Non-contact Pressure-based Sleep/Wake Discrimination

Lorcan Walsh, Sean McLoone, Joseph Ronda, Jeanne F. Duffy, Charles A. Czeisler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
473 Downloads (Pure)


Poor sleep is increasingly being recognised as an important prognostic parameter of health. For those with suspected sleep disorders, patients are referred to sleep clinics which guide treatment. However, sleep clinics are not always a viable option due to their high cost, a lack of experienced practitioners, lengthy waiting lists and an unrepresentative sleeping environment. A home-based non-contact sleep/wake monitoring system may be used as a guide for treatment potentially stratifying patients by clinical need or highlighting longitudinal changes in sleep and nocturnal patterns. This paper presents the evaluation of an under-mattress sleep monitoring system for non-contact sleep/wake discrimination. A large dataset of sensor data with concomitant sleep/wake state was collected from both younger and older adults participating in a circadian sleep study. A thorough training/testing/validation procedure was configured and optimised feature extraction and sleep/wake discrimination algorithms evaluated both within and across the two cohorts. An accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of 74.3%, 95.5%, and 53.2% is reported over all subjects using an external validation
dataset (71.9%, 87.9% and 56%, and 77.5%, 98% and 57% is reported for younger and older subjects respectively). These results compare favourably with similar research, however this system provides an ambient alternative suitable for long term continuous sleep monitoring, particularly amongst vulnerable populations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1750-1760
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Issue number8
Early online date25 Oct 2016
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017


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