Non-Discrimination: Article 2 in Context

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Article 2 of the Ireland/Northern Ireland Protocol introduces a novel human rights approach into Northern Ireland’s already unique constitutional settlement. Article 2 possesses two strands of rights. Its first set of rights links directly to the 1998 Belfast/Good Friday Agreement and includes a guarantee of non-diminution. The second set of rights listed in the Annex to the Protocol are subject to change and evolution. This chapter outlines the legal and political basis from which the Protocol’s rights and equality provisions arose, it examines the drafting of Article 2 and considers its current status and operation as well as looking at its future impact and the broader implications for our understanding of scale, temporality and the interplays between substance and procedure in rights protection. The uniqueness of the Article 2 arrangements is likely to be subject to much scrutiny and litigation in the coming years.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Law & Politics of Brexit Part IV
EditorsFederico Fabbrini
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780192863942
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2022


  • Brexit, Northern Ireland
  • Brexit, Belfast Good Friday Agreement, EU Citizenship Rights, Implementation by disagreement, Northern Ireland
  • Ireland/Northern Ireland Protocol
  • Article 2 Ireland/Northern Ireland Protocol


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